HIGH COURT OF SWAZILAND
YEKUSA INVESTMENTS (PTY) LIMITED
BENNETT et al Respondents
Case No. 444/2004
MAPHALALA – J
the Applicant MR. S. MASUKU
the Respondents MR. P. DUNSEITH
Serving before Court is an application on motion (in the long form)
for an order interdicting and restraining the Respondents from any
interference, physical interference or threats of violence calculated
to prevent Applicant form the cultivation of sugar cane on Portion
R/690 and Rem B/690 at Maphungwone, Mhlabubovu area; an order
granting costs of this application; and granting the Applicant
further and/or alternative relief.
The Founding affidavit of One Samuel Magagula who is Chairman and
Director of the Applicant is filed in support for the relief sought.
A number of annexures are also filed labelled "SM1" to
The Respondents oppose the granting of this application and the
answering affidavit of the 6th Respondent is filed thereto. A point
of law in limine is raised in paragraph 4 of the said affidavit as
Applicant has no locus standi to bring,the application in that
annexures SM4, SM5, SM6 and SM9 confer rights on the Inkhanyeti
Yekusa Farmers Association, not the Applicant, and no facts are set
out in the Founding affidavit establishing any right in the Applicant
to bring the application on behalf of the Association".
The Applicant then replied to the above as follows:
POINTS RAISED IN LIMINE
submit that for ail intents and purposes the rights conferred by
annexures "SM4", "SM5", "SM6" and "SM9"
are conferred to the Applicant and/or Applicant's members and should
be treated as such by this Honourable Court for reasons set out
From in inception of the idea of the Sugarcane project members of
Mhlabubovu Community came together to be formed into an association.
They were advised by prospective financers that they could only be
financed under a properly structured legal entity preferably a public
company hence those community members interested in the project
formed the Applicant which is in fact a public company and not a
Members of Applicant which are community members of the Mhlabubovu
area have always regardedthemselves as membersorshareholders
ofInkhanyeti Yekusa Investments Limited, We have always dealt with
all the authorities under this name.
Although different institutions and members of the public have
loosely referred to us as Inkhanyeti Yekusa Fanners Association, we
have accepted anddealt withall communications addressed to us as such
and have taken such as ours and binding on us. The Honourable Court's
attention is drawn to the fact that even the annexures attached to
and in particular "SMS", "SM6" and "SM7"
are addressed differently but have all been accepted by us.For
example "SMS" is addressed to Inkhanyeti Yekusa Sugar
Farming; "SM6" is addressed to a group of farmers at
Maphungwane and "SM7" refers to Inkhanyeti Yekusa Cane
Growers Association. I submit that all these annexures were intended
for us trading in the name of Applicant.
At no stage has this been an issue to either us as members of
Applicant or other members of the public and the authorities that we
have dealt with in the past. It will therefore be absurd to conclude
that the communication was never intended for the Applicant but for
Inkhanyeti Yekusa Farmers Association.
When the point of law in limine came for arguments Mr. Dunseith added
a further point of law in limine that the Applicant cannot produce an
environmental compliance certificate and therefore it is not entitled
to the relief sought.
The issues for determination presently, therefore is firstly whether
the Applicant has locus standi to launch the present application.
Secondly, the issue of the application to strike out the new evidence
in Applicant's replying affidavit to establish locus standi and the
third issue is that of the environmental compliance certificate. It
appears to me that the issue of the application to strike out
paragraph 4 of the replying affidavit ought to be addressed first and
then the issue of locus standi.
It was contended on behalf of the Respondents that in so far as the
Applicant seeks to lead new evidence in its replying affidavit to
establish its locus standi, this evidence should be struck out. In
this regard the Court was referred to the legal authority in
Herbstein & Van Winsen, The Civil Practice of the Supreme Court
of South Africa, 4thed at 364 and 366 to the effect that necessary
allegations must appear in the supporting affidavits, for the Court
will not, save in exceptional circumstances, allow the Applicant to
make or supplement his case in his replying affidavit, and will order
any matter appearing in it that should have been in the supporting
affidavits to be struck out (see Coffee, Tea & Chocolate Co. Ltd
vs Cape Trading Co. 1930 CPD 81 at 82),
Mr. Masuku for the Applicant argued on this point that loci standi
became an issue in Respondents affidavit and the Applicant therefore
was obliged to give an explanation. He relied on what is said by the
authors Herbstein et A1 at page 365 where the following appears:
however, the new matter in the replying affidavits is in answer to a
defence raised by the Respondent and is not such that it should have
been included in the supporting
in order to set out a cause of action, the Court will refuse an
application to strike out".
It would appear to me, on reading the above-cited authority as it
applies to the facts of the present case that the issue of locus
standi should appear ex facie the Founding affidavit to establish a
cause of action, A party who challenges locus standi as a point in
limine cannot be said to have raised a defence because he is
challenging the Applicant's right to be heard by the Court.
Therefore, the authority in Herbstein (supra) cannot assist the
Applicant in the present case. The result of this conclusion
therefore is that paragraph 4 of the Applicant's replying affidavit
ought to be struck out.
Having found that paragraph 4 of the replying affidavit stand to be
struck out it now behoves me to establish if the allegations in the
Founding affidavit are sufficient to establish Applicant's locus
standi. The Applicant relies expressly for its locus standi on
annexures SM3, SM4, SMS, SM6, SM7 and SM9 of the Founding affidavit.
However, on reading these annexures they do no confer any rights on
the Applicant but an entity known as "Inkhanyeti Yekusa Farmers'
Association" not the Applicant company "Inkhanyeti Yekusa
Investment Limited". Therefore the Applicant has failed to
establish any locus standi to enforce the rights purportedly
conferred by the annexures upon which it relies.
On the issue of the Environmental Compliance Certificate, my
observations which I now make obiter in view of my findings on locus
standi is that it cannot be a point of law in limine in that the
Applicant has. filed its application through the Senior Extension
Officer in the Ministry of Agriculture, being an officer dealing with
rural projects. I would think that the outcome of that application is
For the afore-going reasons the application is dismissed with costs,